Resource Management


The FWS management of this unit maintains food crop areas of barley for migratory bird use. The area also has planted DNC (Dense Nesting Cover) composed of taller native grasses which is used heavily by nesting birds and provides safer nesting from predators. No grazing is allowed. The western portions of the unit are hayed to maintain wet meadow areas and wildlife foraging habitat and also provides a fire break for any fires that may occur during the summer that may threaten Oxford.  The eastern and southern portions of the WPA are maintained as deferred or untouched units with native grasslands for more secure nesting habitat. 

Weed Control
Control of non-native, invasive weeds is another key management operation. Weed pests have few natural controls and can quickly replace native Idaho plants. The WPA uses selected herbicides and biocontrols to keep these problem plants under control.

Undisturbed Habitat
The WPA also maintains abundant habitat in an undisturbed, natural state. These areas provide tall, dense vegetation for species that prefer seclusion for nesting. It also provides escape cover from predators, such as striped skunks, raccoons, red foxes and mink.

Prescribed fire is used periodically in the more densely vegetated areas of the marsh. It creates open water ponds in the marsh after re-flooding and recycles nutrients that increase plant growth, resulting in improved habitat and markedly increased use by waterfowl.