Plan Your Visit

Plan Your Visit

Maps and Handouts


  • Bathrooms are now open at the refuge.
  • During heavy rain events the Wildlife Drive and the northeast segment of Deephole Point Road may become flooded. 

Trail Conditions 

  • Materials: Trails on Occoquan Bay are mainly hardened ground, gravel, and stone dust. There are no paved trails.
  • Incline: Trails are mainly flat. Some areas have slight inclines. 
  • Flooding: The southeast segment of Deephole Point Road was recently renovated making this waterfront trail less vulnerable to flooding and storm debris. The northeast segment has not been addressed and will flood during/after storms.  

Know Before You Go

  • Summer - Hot and humid. Drink fluids and use sunscreen while engaging in refuge activities. 
  • Spring and Fall - Mild and pleasant.
  • Winter - mild with occasional cold, blustery winds across meadows and off the river.
  • Biting Insects – Use repellent when hiking during from April to October to deter mosquitoes, and biting flies.
  • Ticks - Avoid walking through tall grasses and stay on trails. Ticks may transmit disease; visitors are encouraged to check for ticks following a visit. 
  • Poison Ivy - All parts of the three leafed plant may result in skin rashes 
  • Northern copperhead – To avoid the venomous snake, stay out of high grass and watch your step on trails.

Hours of Operation 

Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge is open year-round, including federal holidays, from 7AM - 5PM October 1- March 31 and 7AM-7PM from April 1 - September 30. Staff temporarily closes the refuge during managed deer hunts in December and January. Call the headquarters office or check this website for scheduled closures. 

Point of Interest

The Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge provides 642 acres of opportunity for the visiting public to participate in wildlife dependent recreation. There are various areas throughout the refuge that allow the public to view and learn about the habitat and wildlife during your visit. 

Here are some of our suggestions for enjoying the refuge:

  • Walk on the dock at Painted Turtle Pond
  • Bring your camera or binoculars to the photo blind overlooking Marumsco Creek. Keep an eye out for seasonal waterfowl, ospreys, and bald eagles.
  • Take a break at the gazebo at the intersection of Fox and Deephole Point Rd. 
  • Stop to read the informational kiosks along the trails.
  • Download the Agents of Discovery App, answer trivia questions and interact with the refuge in a whole new way. 
  • There are over four miles of trails and so many ways to walk the entire refuge. Our most traveled loops are:
    • Fox Road to Lake Drive loop - just over 1 mile
    • Fox Road to Deephole Point Road to Easy Road - about 2 miles
    • Or walk the entire perimeter of the refuge from Lake Drive to Deephole Point Road to the Potomac Heritage Scenic Trail and back to the main Parking Lot - about 3.6 miles
  • View wildlife via foot, bike or vehicle on established roads, trails, and auto tour routes designed to accommodate such uses.

For more to explore just outside the refuge gates check out Veterans Park across Marumsco Creek or Belmont Bay Marina just past our northeast corner.