Rules and Regulations

US Fish and Wildlife Service Law Enforcement Officer Mike Koole looks over the grassy uplands towards sunset.  NBR photo.

To help protect wildlife and wildlife habitat, and ensure your safety, we ask that you please follow the rules and regulations listed below. 

To report an emergency or a violation on the National Bison Range Complex, call: Headquarters at 406-644-2211 Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Lake County Dispatch at 406-883-7301 after hours or on weekends. EMERGENCIES - 911

To help protect wildlife and wildlife habitat, and ensure your safety, we ask that you please follow the regulations listed in this leaflet.


  • Motorized vehicle travel is prohibited.
  • All personal property, except traps in use during trapping season, must not be left unattended and must be removed by 1 hour after sunset. This includes vehicles, decoys, portable blinds, and fishing equipment.
  • Pets must be on a leash and under control from April 1 to August 31. Pets must be under the owner’s immediate control at all other times of the year.
  • Leaving or dumping litter, to include spent shotgun shells or any dead animal, is prohibited.
  • Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on National Wildlife Refuge System lands (WPAs) must comply with all provisions of State and local law.
  • Persons may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with Refuge regulations (50 CFR 27.42 and specific Refuge regulations in 50 CFR Part 32). Target practice or clay-bird shooting is prohibited.
  • Collection or disturbance of natural objects, such as, plants, animals, feathers, antlers, or rocks and minerals is not permitted without a special use permit, excluding the gathering of dead plant materials for on-site blind construction (call the Refuge headquarters for more information).
  • Camping and overnight-use is prohibited.
  • Fires are prohibited.
  • Fireworks are prohibited.
  • Possession or consumption of alcohol by persons under 21 years is prohibited.
  • Possession of a controlled substance is prohibited (50 CFR 27.82).
  • Drug paraphernalia, including any instrument that facilitates the consumption of a controlled substance, is prohibited.


For a complete listing of rules and regulations as well as a map, follow the link to the Public Use Opportunities Pamphlet. In addition to the General WPA Regulations, these regulations apply specifically to hunting, fishing and trapping on the WPAs. Hunting, fishing and trapping is permitted in accordance with Joint State (Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks) and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT) Tribal Law.