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Redhead - when Congress amended the Duck Stamp Act in 1958, it authorized the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to use money from the sale of the Federal Duck Stamp to begin buying small wetland areas to preserve waterfowl habitat. 


  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

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    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well. The Service will be initiating the Northwest Montana Wetland Management District Flathead County Flathead County CCP in the next two years. 

    Blasdel WPA shown above in an aerial photo is now surrounded by human development. CCPs are extremely important planning tools when dealing with areas of such rapid growth and changes.

  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    NWRS logo.150x180 IN conservation

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act 

    Waterfowl Production Areas: Prairie Jewels of the National Wildlife Refuge System 

    Understanding Waterfowl Production Areas – US Fish and Wildlife Service Region 6