Wildlife & Habitat

  • Little Bluestem

    Little Bluegrass

    This perennial, bluish-green, warm seasonal grass served as hay for colonists. It also provides food and cover for reptiles, birds, and mammals. Little bluestem grows in coastal shrubland habitats and has roots that reach 5 to 8 feet in depth, allowing the grass to survive in dry conditions.

  • Spotted Salamander

    Spotted Salamander

    Because this sparrow’s numbers have declined – as a result of vanishing shrublands and grasslands – Rhode Island lists it as a state endangered species.” In addition to grasshoppers, it also eats bees, beetles, caterpillars, and seeds. These birds can be found in coastal shrubland habitats.

  • Piping Plover

    Piping Plover

    The federally threatened piping plover is a small, stocky, sandy-colored bird resembling a sandpiper. The adult has yellow-orange legs, a black band across the forehead from eye to eye, and a black ring around the base of its neck. Like other plovers, it runs in short starts and stops. When still, the piping plover blends into the pale background of open, sandy habitat on outer beaches where it feeds and nests. The bird's name derives from its call notes, plaintive bell-like whistles which are often heard before the birds are seen.

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  • Coastal Shrubland

    Coastal Shrubland

    These rare habitats provide food and cover for wildlife, including species-at-risk like the Grasshopper Sparrow, whose numbers have severely declined. Shrublands also serve as refuges for native warm-season grasses and rare plants. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service helps wildlife in this crucial habitat in many ways. It removes Asian Bittersweet and other invasive plants that overtake native vegetation. The staff teach about conservation and ethical practices. And they help landowners to protect their coastal habitats.

  • Upland Forest

    Upland Forest

    This valuable habitat is home to plants and animals as diverse as butterflies, shrimp, and orchids. Forests collect rain and melting snow that become groundwater. Vernal pools and rotting logs are micro-habitats for amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service helps wildlife in upland forests in many ways. For example, it helps landowners manage and preserve private parcels of upland forest through conservation easements. It also helps states protect temporary vernal pools where wood frogs and salamanders breed.