Wildlife & Habitat

PROMO Intro Ducks 512x219

In addition to the salt marshes, mudflats and labyrinthine tidal creeks characteristic of estuaries, Nestucca Bay NWR features an array of distinct habitat types, including pastures, grasslands, woodlands, freshwater bogs and forested wetlands. These varied environs support a wealth of species, especially birds: waterfowl, waterbirds, and neotropical migrants songbirds such as warblers, flycatchers and thrushes abound here.

  • Shorebirds

    PROMO List Shorebirds 150x118

    Generally stick-legged and narrow-billed, shorebirds flock en masse to Oregon's estuaries during the spring and fall migrations. Several species are commonly spotted feeding at this refuge's mudflats and salt marshes, often in huge, mixed groups.

    A short primer on shorebirds

  • Waterfowl

    PROMO List Waterfowl 150x118

    The mix of freshwater, saltwater and brackish estuary at Nestucca Bay NWR draws multitudes of ducks and geese each year, as well as waders and divers including herons, grebes, pelicans and cormorants.

  • Songbirds

    PROMO List Songbirds 150x118

    Nestucca Bay NWR is home to dozens of so-called songbirds, ranging in size from the pennyweight kinglet to the comparatively huge, croaking raven; and ranging in habit from the high-diving kingfisher to the hovering, nectar-sipping hummingbird. 

  • Birds of Prey

    PROMO List Raptors 150x118

    Hunters from on high, birds of prey come in many shapes and sizes and lifestyles, unified in their proclivity to living off the flesh of others. Several species frequent Oregon's coast and estuaries, including the fish-eating Osprey and the dive-bombing Peregrine Falcon.

    Read on about our raptors

  • Mammals

    PROMO List Mammals 150x118

    An assortment of mammals large and small find sanctuary in Nestucca Refuge's varied habitats. Black-tailed Deer, River Otters and rodents are regular sights here; more elusive are predators such as Bobcat, Coyote and even Black Bear. 

  • Reptiles, Amphibians and Fish

    PROMO List Herps 150x118

    Wetland habitat abounds at Nestucca Bay NWR, and where there are wetlands, there's bound to be amphibious life. Frogs, newts and snakes straddle the boundary between land and water; below the surface, fishes such as salmon and sole spend their larval stages in estuaries before heading out to sea.

    Get a quick look at Nestucca Bay's herps and fishes