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The National Key Deer Refuge was established to protect and preserve the endangered Key deer and other wildlife resources in the Florida Keys. Although surrounded by salt water, it is the freshwater that helps to determine which species live and thrive in the variety of habitats. The Refuge is unique in that it protects 16 endangered and threatened fish and wildlife species.

  • Key Deer

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    The endangered Key deer is the smallest subspecies of the North American white-tailed deer.

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  • Bartram's Hairstreak Butterfly

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    The endangered Bartram’s scrub hairstreak is a small butterfly found only in south Florida and the lower Keys.

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  • Lower Keys Marsh Rabbit

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    The endangered Lower Keys marsh rabbit is the smallest subspecies of marsh rabbit, reaching only 15 inches in length and weighing up to 3 pounds.

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  • Birds

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    There are over 250 resident and migratory bird species that use the Florida Keys NWR's as their feeding, resting or nesting habitat.

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  • Reptiles


    Florida, and the Florida Keys, are incredibly species-rich when it comes to reptiles. There are over 40 different species of reptiles found in the Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges.

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