Tropical Hardwood Hammock

Ecosystem
wcpi and hammock
Tropical hardwood hammocks are the climax terrestrial plant community in the Florida Keys. Occurring on uplands 2 to 8 feet above sea level, hammocks are hardwood forests consisting of a wide diversity of evergreen and semi-deciduous trees and shrubs, many of West Indian (Caribbean Islands) origin. These include the paradise tree, gumbo limbo, Jamaican dogwood, pigeon plum, blolly, and wild dilly. Except during extreme storm events, hammocks are high enough to avoid saltwater intrusion.

Many trees in the hardwood hammocks produce small fruits and berries. These are important food sources for Key deer, raccoons, and resident and migratory birds. Human development has severely reduced and fragmented this habitat in the Florida Keys, affecting populations of forest nesting birds and fruit foragers, such as the state-listed white-crowned pigeon.

Facts About Tropical Hardwood Hammock

In the U.S. only found in south Florida and Florida Keys.

Native Americans referred to cool, shady places as "hammocks".

Important feeding areas for many different wildlife species.