Rules and Regulations

Regulation Sign on scenic drive.  Photo by NBR/USFWS

There are lots of fun, interesting, and educational things you can do at the National Bison Range. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service encourages you to enjoy your visit, but remember, protecting wildlife, plants, and their habitats is our priority. Regulations exist for the welfare of wildlife as well as for your safety. Please check with the refuge management before participating in an activity that could harm the environment or yourself. There are plenty of activities on the National Bison Range for you to enjoy. Be safe and have fun!

Scenic Drives

Drives are clearly signed or gated when open or closed. Please observe the One Way, Do Not Enter, and other directional signs as well as the posted 15 mph and 25 mph speed limits.

Due to the steepness and narrowness of the road, vehicles over 30 feet long as well as any trailers and other towed units are not permitted on Red Sleep Mountain Drive. They are allowed on the shorter drives in the flats. To reduce risk of disease transmission, livestock trailers, empty or otherwise, should not enter the Range.

For safety reason, motorcycles and bicycles are permitted only on the paved roads which access the Visitor Center and Day Use Areas and are not allowed on the graveled scenic drives.

All passengers must remain seated inside the vehicle when in motion. Passengers in the back of a truck must remain seated within the bed of the truck, not on the bedrail or edges. The roads may be rough and we do not wish injury to our visitors.

Refuge Access

The main way to access the National Bison Range is along the scenic drives. For your safety and to reduce disturbance to wildlife, walking away from your vehicle is permitted only on designated trails. Remain at your car and on the road. Wild animals can be unpredictable and dangerous so if you are near wildlife, enjoy them from the safety of your vehicle.

The Bison Range is closed to all public use at night. Check front gate for posted opening and closing times.

Wildlife Disturbance

Many mallard ducks flying off Mission Creek.  Photo by Dave Fitzpatrick, USFWS volunteer 

To reduce disturbance to animals and to provide a more natural viewing opportunity for all, use of any type of calls is prohibited. This includes elk bugling and bird calls. Please note, the use calls for identification purposes is allowed as long as they are not loud enough to attract/repel wildlife.


We welcome your pets to the Refuge but all pets must be on a leash and under control at all times when outside of vehicles. The Range allows leashed pets to be taken on designated trails but they should be kept to the trails. Be considerate and clean up after your pet. 


Collection of Natural Items and Artifacts

Everything on the Refuge is either a home or food for wildlife. Therefore, collecting of natural objects such as plants, animals, feathers, antlers, bones, and rocks is prohibited. Archaeological and historic objects are our national heritage so collecting and removing any of these objects is also prohibited.

Personal Conduct

To provide for an enjoyable and safe visit to all visitors, the Refuge enforces laws in regards to the use of alcohol and controlled substances. Persons under the age of 21 years may not possess, consume or be given alcoholic beverages on the Refuge. Possession of a controlled substance is prohibited (50 CFR 27.82). Entering or remaining on the refuge when under of the influence, to a degree that may endanger oneself or other persons or property or cause a disturbance to visitors or the resource is prohibited.


Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on National Wildlife Refuge System lands must comply with all provisions of State and local law. Persons may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with refuge regulations (50 CFR 27.42). Hunting is not allowed on the National Bison Range. Weapons of any kind are not allowed in federal buildings, which include the Visitor Center.