Resource Management

Prescribed fire - USFWS.

Migratory bird research and monitoring

Refuge biologists and partners conduct annual censuses of common, least, and roseate terns, as well as piping plovers, American oystercatchers, wading birds, and gulls. They also capture, band, and re-sight many bird species to track return and survival rates, as well as deploy transmitters to assess fine-scale movements. These data allow the Service and its partners to make informed conservation decisions locally and on a flyway/hemispheric scale. 


Horseshoe crab surveys and tagging

Each spring and early summer, staff and volunteers survey and tag individual horseshoe crabs to assess relative abundance and movements. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service also keeps track of previously tagged individuals using a call-in system. The phone number (1-888-546-8587) is written on the tag itself -- but remember, never pick up a horseshoe crab by its tail, as you may injure it. Because horseshoe crabs are protected throughout Refuge lands and waters, Monomoy supports a highly productive population of this species; whose eggs are critical to migratory shorebirds.


Controlled burns

Monomoy NWR uses prescribed fire to reduce vegetation within the tern colony, creating patchy areas in which terns prefer to nest. Typically, strong winter storms deposit sand throughout the nesting area, covering existing vegetation and improving habitat. Due to changes in the South Beach barrier island system, it has been necessary to use prescribed fire to create the same effect in recent years.


Trapping Occurs on this Refuge

Trapping is a wildlife management tool used on some national wildlife refuges. Trapping may be used to protect endangered and threatened species or migratory birds or to control certain wildlife populations. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service also views trapping as a legitimate recreational and economic activity when there are harvestable surpluses of fur-bearing mammals. Outside of Alaska, refuges that permit trapping as a recreational use may require trappers to obtain a refuge special use permit. Signs are posted on refuges where trapping occurs. Contact the refuge manager for specific regulations. Click here for more information.