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"Like the resource it seeks to protect, wildlife conservation must be dynamic, changing as conditions change, seeking always to become more effective." 

-Rachel Carson

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

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    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 10 - 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well.


    Modoc NWR Comprehensive Conservation Plan (Large File)

  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

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    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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  • Environmental Assessment for Invasive Weeds

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    Environmental Assessments are also called "EAs".  On June 25, 2021, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) issued a Draft Environmental Assessment (EA) for a project addressing invasive plant management at Modoc National Wildlife Refuge. The proposed action will help in the protection, biological integrity and diversity, and overall ecosystem function of the Refuge through the control and or elimination of targeted invasive plants. The Draft EA was available for public comment from June 25 to July 10, 2021. No comments were received. Based on the analysis in the Final EA, the Service has issued a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) and Decision Document to approve the project.