Plants

Pitcher Plant Bog

The refuge protects and restores the last large expanses of wet pine savanna plant communities -- among the most species-rich and endangered habitat types in North America.

  • Carnivorous Plants

    Carnivorous Plants - Sundews

    In order to combat the acidic, nutrient poor soil of the wet pine savanna the carnivorous plants on the refuge have developed a unique strategy for obtaining their much needed nutrients -- devouring other organisms!  The refuge is home to 10 species of carnivorous plants, many of which can be seen on the C. L. Dees Trail.

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  • Longleaf Pine

    Longleaf Pine Needles

    Longleaf pine is a fire-adapted plant. In fact, periodic wildfire actually helps the longleaf by killing other plants competing for space. Due to fire suppression and logging operations, the number of longleaf pine has declined dramatically. The longleaf grows to a height of 98 - 115 ft. Young longleaf go through a period of growth known as the 'grass stage' during which they resemble fountains of dark green needles growing from the savanna floor.

  • Orchids

    Grass Pink Orchid

    The orchids found at the refuge are a beautiful and diverse family of flowering plants, often with large and fragrant blooms. The bursts of color from blooming orchids are often seen dotting savannas that have recently been burned as part of the refuge's prescribed fire program. These orchids are dependent on periodic wildfires for their successful growth, which opens up the understory, allowing needed sunlight to reach the savanna floor and eliminating less fire-tolerant competitors.

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  • Toothache Grass

    Toothache Grass -Resize

    Toothache grass is a perennial that grows between 2 - 3 feet in height. The seed heads have an interesting appearance, often tending to take on a "corkscrew" shape at they dry. The name toothache grass refers to the numbing effect that is caused when the plant is chewed.

  • Plant Checklist: Shrubs and Trees

    Checklist

    Download our refuge checklist for shrubs and trees.

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  • Plant Checklist: Grasses and Forbs

    Checklist Icon

    Download our refuge checklist for grasses and forbs.

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