Mississippi Sandhill Crane

Grus canadensis pulla
Profile - Crane Head 520x289

 Mississippi sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis pulla) are a critically endangered subspecies found nowhere else on earth in the wild but on and adjacent to the Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge. There are only about 100 individuals remaining, including about 20-25 breeding pairs.

The cranes are in decline primarily due to loss of habitat. The original range of this population was thought to extend along the Gulf coastal plain from southern Louisiana east into Mississippi, Alabama, and into the western Florida panhandle. Much of the loss of crane habitat is due to the conversion of open pine savanna to pine plantations created following World War II. Habitat decline is also caused by suppression of the natural fire regime, degrading the savanna. 


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Facts About Mississippi Sandhill Crane

Diet: Ominvorous   

Size: 3 to 4 feet tall with a wingspan of over 7 feet wide   

Color: Adults are gray overall with a carmine (or red) crown and white cheek patch  

Lifespan: 20 years in the wild   

Conservation Status: Critically Endangered, a little over 100 individuals left in the wild