Science Shaffer 512x384

Research plays a significant role in shaping the resource management activities within Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Listed below is a selection of research from long term partners and staff. 

Albatross Research 

Block, B.A., Jonsen, I.D., Jorgensen, S.J., Winship, A.J., Shaffer, S.A., Bograd, S.J., Hazen, E.L., Foley, D.G., Breed, G.A., Harrison, A.-L., Ganong, J.E., Swithenbank, A., Castleton, M., Dewar, H., Mate, B.R., Shillinger, G.L., Schaefer, K.M., Benson, S.R., Henry, R.W. and Costa, D.P. (2011) Tracking Apex Marine Predator Movements in a Dynamic Ocean. Nature, 475: 86-90, doi:10.1038/nature10082.


Conners, M.G., Hazen, E.L., Costa, D.P., and Shaffer, S.A. (2015) Shadowed by scale: Subtle behavioral niche partitioning revealed at the individual and species level in two sympatric, tropical, chick-brooding albatross species. Movement Ecology, 3: 28 (pg. 1-20).


Gutowsky, S.E., Gutowsky, L.F.G., Jonsen, I.D., Leonard, M.L., Naughton, M.B., Romano, R.D., and Shaffer, S.A. (2014). Daily activity budgets reveal semi-flightless ‘reduced activity stage’ at-sea during post-breeding in Hawaiian albatrosses. Movement Ecology 2: 1-14.

Gutowsky, S.E., Leonard, M.L., Conners, M.G., Shaffer, S.A., and Jonsen, I.D. (2015). Individual-level variation and higher-level interpretations of space use in wide-ranging species: An albatross case study of sampling effects. Frontiers in Marine Sciences, 2: 3 (pg. 1-17).


Gutowsky, S.E., Tremblay, Y., Kappes, M.A., Flint, E.N., Klavitter, J., Laniawe, L., Christenson, B., Costa, D.P., and Shaffer, S.A. (2014). Divergent post-breeding distribution and habitat associations of fledgling and adult Black-footed Albatrosses Phoebastria nigripes in the North Pacific. Ibis 156: 60-72.


Hazen, E.L., Jorgensen, S., Rykaczewski, R., Bograd, S.J., Foley, D.G., Jonsen, I.D., Shaffer, S.A., Dunne, J., Crowder, L.J., Costa, D.P., Block, B.A. (2013) Predicted habitat shifts in Pacific top predators in a changing climate. Nature Climate Change,3: 234-238.DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1686.


Kappes, M.A., Shaffer, S.A., Tremblay, Y., Foley, D.G., Palacios, D.M., Bograd, S.J., and Costa, D.P. (2015) Reproductive constraints influence habitat accessibility, segregation, and preference of sympatric albatross species. Movement Ecology, 3: 34 (pg. 1-24).


Kappes, M.A., Shaffer, S.A., Tremblay, Y., Foley, D.G., Palacios, D.M., Robinson, P.W., Bograd, S.J., and Costa, D.P. (2010) Hawaiian albatrosses track interannual variability of marine habitats in the North Pacific. Progress in Oceanography 86: 246-260.


Maxwell, S.M., Hazen, E.L., Bograd, S.J., Halpern, B.S., Breed, G.A., Nickel, B., Teutschel, N.M., Crowder, L.B., Benson, S., Dutton, P.H., Bailey, H., Kappes, M.A., Kuhn, C.E., Weise, M.J., Mate, B., Shaffer, S.A., Hassrick, J.L., Henry, R.W., Irvine, L., McDonald, B.I., Robinson, P.W., Block, B.A., and Costa, D.P. (2013) Cumulative human impacts on marine predators. Nature Communications 4, 2688-2697.


Robinson, P.W., Tremblay, Y., Antolos, M., Crocker, D.E., Kuhn, C.E., Shaffer S. A., Simmons, S., and Costa, D.P. (2007) A comparison of ARGOS-tracking-based indirect measures of foraging behavior. Deep-Sea ResearchII 54: 356-368.


Shaffer, S.A. (2011) A review of seabird energetics using the doubly labeled water method. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 158: 315-322.


Shaffer, S.A., Tremblay, Y., Awkerman, J., Henry, W.R., Teo, S.L.H., Anderson D.J., Croll, D.A., Block, B.A., and Costa, D.P. (2005) Comparison of light- and SST-based geolocation with satellite telemetry in free-ranging albatrosses. Marine Biology 147: 833-843.


Suryan, R.M., Anderson, D.J., Shaffer, S.A., Roby, D.D., Tremblay, Y., Costa, D.P., Sato, F., and Ozaki, K. (2008) Wind, waves, and wing loading: Their relative importance to the at-sea distribution and movements of North and Central Pacific albatrosses. PLoS One 3(12): e4016,1-8.


Thorne, L.H., Hazen, E.L., Bograd, S.J., Foley, D.G., Conners, M.G.,Kappes, M.A., Kim, H.M., Tremblay, Y., Costa, D.P., and Shaffer, S.A. (2015) Sympatric North Pacific albatross species show contrasting responses to climate variability. Movement Ecology, 3: 27 (pg. 1-15).


Tremblay, Y., Shaffer, S.A., Fowler, S.L., Kuhn, C.E., McDonald, B.I., Weise, M.J., Bost, C.-A., Weimerskirch, H., Crocker, D.E., Goebel, M. E., Costa, D. P. (2006) Interpolation of tracking data in a fluid environment. Journal of Experimental Biology 209: 128-140.


Winship, A.J., Jorgensen, S.J., Shaffer, S.A., Jonsen, I.D., Robinson, P.W., Costa, D.P., and Block, B.A. (2012) State-space framework for estimating measurement error from double-tagging telemetry experiments. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3: 291-302.


Young, H.S.1, Maxwell, S.M., Conners, M.G., and Shaffer, S.A.1 (2015) Pelagic marine protected areas provide effective habitat protection for multiple seabird species. Biological Conservation 181: 226-235. 1 - equal contribution as senior author.


Žydelis, R, Lewison, R.L., Shaffer, S.A., Moore, J.E., Boustany, A.M., Roberts, J.J., Sims, M., Dunn, D.C., Best, B.D., Tremblay, Y., Kappes, M.A., Costa, D.C., Crowder, L.D. (2011) Dynamic habitat models: Using telemetry data to understand fisheries bycatch. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 278: 3191-3200, DOI:10.1098/rspb.2011.0330. 


Environmental Monitoring Research   

Caccamise, S.A.L.; Wang, J.; Wu, L.; Woodward, L.A.; Li, Q.X.  2011.  Accumulation and maternal transfer of polychlorinated biphenyls in black-footed albatross (diomedea nigripes) from Midway Atoll, North Pacific Ocean. Ecological Indicators.  doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.01.023


Wang, J.; Caccamise, S.A.L.; Woodward, L.A.; Li, QX. 2012. Polychlorinated biphenyls in the plasma and preen oil of black-footed albatross (Diomedea nigripes) chicks and adults on Midway Atoll, North Pacific Ocean. Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 


Laysan Duck Research

Work, T.M., J.L. Klavitter, M.H. Reynolds, and D. Blehert. 2010 Avian botulism: a case study in translocated endangered Laysan ducks (Anas laysanensis) on Midway Atoll. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46(2): 499-506.

Further Resources

Spacial Bibliography

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Management Plan