Hunting seasons occur between September 1 and late December. Hunting is permitted for select game species, according to state regulations. The most common species hunted are white-tailed deer, ducks, geese, ring-necked pheasant, sharp-tailed grouse, and Hungarian partridge. Other species on the Refuge complex that are open to hunting under state regulations include red fox, coyote, white-tailed jackrabbit, coots, and mourning doves.
A special hunting season for white-tailed deer and upland game birds opens every year on November 15 for the Homestead and Lake Creek areas of the Refuge. These areas are closed before November 15 to protect populations of migratory birds that congregate in these areas for rest and feeding before continuing their fall migration. By November 15, these units are usually frozen, and migratory birds have continued on their migration, so other hunting can take place.
Certain areas are closed to hunting to protect Refuge facilities and to provide resting and feeding habitat for migratory birds. Areas closed to hunting are clearly posted with signs.
All waterfowl production areas are open for hunting of any game species legal to hunt in Montana.