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Seasons of Wildlife

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  • Winter

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    December through February is an exciting time at the refuge. Thousands of green-winged teal, American widgeon, black ducks, northern pintails, American coots, northern shovelers, ring-necked ducks, and tundra swans make the Mattamuskeet moist soil management units and Lake Mattamuskeet their winter home. Dabbling ducks and tundra swans harvest seed from the bottoms of moist soil management units; geese and swans glean grain from crop fields. Overwintering songbirds eat seed from native shrubs, wildflowers, and grasses. Great blue herons, American egrets, and snowy egrets are also among the cold weather sights. Black bears lumber through the farm fields scavenging grain left by farmers; white-tailed deer browse on twigs and bark. Waterfowl hunts occur in December and January. Visitors may drive or hike throughout the refuge areas not closed for wintering waterfowl. The refuge’s visitor center provides opportunities for the public to learn about the refuge and its wildlife and habitats.

  • Spring

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    Grasses and wildflowers green up and trees sprout leaves and begin to bloom during March, April, and May. Early flowers such as Virginia iris in ditches, red maple in forests, and black-eyed Susan along roadsides color the refuge landscape. Shorebirds replace waterfowl in drained moist soil management units. Neotropical songbirds return from the West Indies and Central and South America to breed and nest in forested wetlands. Bear sows emerge from the forests and roam the farm fields with their cubs in search of food. Visitors may drive or hike throughout the refuge areas not closed for wintering waterfowl. The refuge’s visitor center provides opportunities for the public to learn about the refuge and its wildlife and habitats.

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  • Summer

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    June, July, and August is the time when songbird chicks are raised and fledged. Turtles are out and about and can often be sunning themselves on the banks of and logs in ditches and lakes. Great blue herons, green herons, great egrets, and snowy egrets abound. In July and August, southbound shorebirds utilize the drained moist soil management units before they are flooded. Wetland and streambank plants such as pickerelweed and arrowhead bloom and adorn the area. Winged sumac and devil’s walking stick display their flowers along roadsides attracting a wide variety of pollinating insects. Visitors may drive or hike throughout the refuge. The refuge’s visitor center provides opportunities for the public to learn about the refuge and its wildlife and habitats.

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  • Fall

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    September, October, and November treat us to a variety of goldenrods and asters that feed pollinating insects before frost occurs. Red maple leaves turn red and swamp tupelo leaves turn purple giving the evergreen background on the refuge some variety. Fruit and seed of native plants hang on vegetation throughout the refuge. Crops attract bears out into the crop fields. Ducks and geese begin making their way south to the Mattamuskeet moist soil management units for a rest stop or overwinter destination. A resident Canada goose hunt occurs in September, deer hunts occur in October, and waterfowl hunts occur in November. In October, the Wings over Water Festival brings 100 tours and programs to the area. Visitors may drive or hike throughout the refuge areas not closed for wintering waterfowl. The refuge’s visitor center provides opportunities for the public to learn about the refuge and its wildlife and habitats.

Page Photo Credits — Orange Sunset by Allie Stewart, Flock of Swans by Allie Stewart, Black Eyed Susan by Bob Glennon, Cattle Egret by Allie Stewart, Swans and Teal by Allie Stewart
Last Updated: Nov 17, 2014
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