Presidential Proclamation 8335, which established the monument, gave the Secretary of the Interior management responsibility for the monument, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce. It prohibits commercial fishing within the monument, but gives the Secretary of Commerce, through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, primary responsibility for managing fishery-related activities. In addition, the agencies are to consult with the Secretary of Defense, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the Government of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in managing the monument.
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The tube worm does not have many predators, as few creatures live on the sea bottom at such depths. If threatened, the plume may be retracted into the worm's protective tube