Resource Management

Resource Management

Management efforts focus on colonial nesting seabirds on off-shore islands. The refuge works with many conservation partners to provide long-term protection for seabird, wading bird, and eagle nesting islands through an active land acquisition program. Seabird restoration efforts involve predator control, censusing, monitoring, and habitat manipulation. Mainland management programs include prescribed burning and mowing on 65 acres of Refuge fields and maintaining 112 acres of wetlands in three freshwater impoundments.

T/V Bow Mariner Seabird Restoration. 

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), acting through the Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), is the natural resource trustee for the Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR) activities related to the February 28, 2004 T/V Bow Mariner oil spill off the Virginia coast. The Responsible Parties and DOI executed a Settlement Agreement on February 3, 2009 that required payment of $563,925.41 for planning, implementing, and monitoring of projects to restore, rehabilitate, replace or acquire natural resources equivalent to those injured from the incident. In February 2010, the Service released a final Damage Assessment andRestoration Plan and Environmental Assessment (DARP/EA) that set forth the preferred plan to restore natural resources impacted by the spill. 

The T/V Bow Mariner DARP/EA addressed natural resource impacts resulting from the oil spill, focusing on impacted pelagic seabirds. Because of the foraging behavior of razorbills and northern gannets, these species were identified as higher risk from oil exposure and were the focus of the injury assessment. Razorbills have the highest conservation need within the United States, so they were the focus of the selected restoration project. Northern gannets nest in Canada, have stable populations (at the time of the assessment), and a lower overall conservation need. Conversely, in the United States, razorbills only nest within the confines of the Service’s Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge (MCINWR) and receive some level of active management within the Northeast.

T/V Bow Mariner Seabird Restoration - Fact Sheet

Draft Amendment to the Final Damage Assessment andRestoration Plan & Environmental Assessment for the T/V Bow Mariner OilSpill Available for Public Comment through November 4, 2019 


Trapping Occurs on this Refuge. 

Trapping is a wildlife management tool used on some national wildlife refuges. Trapping may be used to protect endangered and threatened species or migratory birds or to control certain wildlife populations. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service also views trapping as a legitimate recreational and economic activity when there are harvestable surpluses of fur-bearing mammals. Outside of Alaska, refuges that permit trapping as a recreational use may require trappers to obtain a refuge special use permit. Signs are posted on refuges where trapping occurs. Contact the refuge manager for specific regulations. Click here for more information.