Wildlife & Habitat

Mallard Hen and Chicks 512 x 219

Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge provides cover, food, and nesting territory for many species of waterfowl. Refuge managers and staff focus their efforts to meet the needs of waterfowl as well as other migratory species.

  • Piping Plover

    Piping Plover 150 x 118

    Piping Plovers (Charadrius Melodus) are small, stocky shorebirds that have a sand-colored upper body, white underside, and orange legs. They migrate to Lostwood Refuge in early April of each year to seek our nesting territories around wetlands with alkaline features and sandy beaches with very little grass. The female will lay four eggs in a small, shallow nest lined with pebbles or broken shells. Both parents will care of the chicks. Because they are Federally listed as threatened or endangered species, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service developed recovery plans such as research, habitat protection, and public education.

  • Blue-Winged Teal

    Blue-Winged Teal 150 x 118

    Blue-Winged Teal (Anus discors) arrive at Lostwood Refuge in April and thrive on the boundless prairies and wetlands until early fall when they migrate south to their wintering grounds. This small diver can be seen practically every on the refuge. They dabble to feed on the vegetative parts of aquatic plants, seeds, and large amounts of aquatic invertebrates in shallow flooded wetlands. They are among the last dabbling ducks to nest and typically make a shallow depression on the ground lined with grass and down, usually surrounded by vegetation. These birds have several predators such as foxes, skunks, and snakes. 

  • White-tailed Deer

    White-tailed deer 150 x 118

    White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer makes its home year round on the refuge. They utilize a variety of habitats on the refuge and thus can be seen year round by people visiting the refuge. They have a four-chambered stomach which allows them to eat a variety of different foods. Females are mature at 1-2 years and give birth in May or June to 1-3 spotted young known as fawns. They communicate using different sounds, scents, body language, and marking. Bucks are known for their grunt and when they are spooked they will raise their tail to warn the other deer in the immediate area. 

  • Moose

    Bull Moose_09-23-14_Melissa Tracy

    Moose (Alces alces) are typically found in aspen and boreal forests with lakes and wetlands, but moose have extended their range into North Dakota prairie where forested river bottoms and tree rows provide browsing habitat. On Lostwood Refuge, moose can be found roaming in the open prairie, resting in an aspen grove, or foraging around one of our wetland basins. Breeding season peaks in late September and early October, and calving will occur mid-May to mid-June. During these time frames, breeding bulls and cows with calves can be very defensive and very dangerous; it is especially important to keep an extra distance with moose during these times.