Lake Alice was established in 1935 as an easement refuge to benefit migratory birds and other wildlife. In the 1970s the Fish and Wildlife Service began acquiring lands within the boundary of Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge. To date, 8,512 acres have been acquired in fee-title ownership with easement tracts covering approximately 3,584 acres of the refuge. The refuge is managed as part of the Devils Lake Wetland Management District.
Recent high waters have drastically changed the character of the refuge. Historically, the refuge consisted of approximately 6,000 acres of shallow wetlands and 6,000 acres of upland nesting cover. The shallow wetlands provided quality habitat for waterfowl and a variety of nesting waterbirds. Historically the refuge was an important molting area for ducks and geese. Because of rising water levels on the interconnected Devils Lake, the refuge is now almost entirely open water with less than 500 acres of uplands. Even though habitats have changed with increasing water levels, Lake Alice and surrounding lands still provide important breeding and migration habitat for waterfowl and other waterbirds.
Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge is managed as part of the Devils Lake Wetland Management District (WMD).
Devils Lake WMD
221 2nd Street NW, Suite 2
Devils Lake, ND 58301