Fishing is allowed within designated areas of the Refuge. Fishing for rainbow trout is available at the Trout Ponds. These ponds are generally stocked once in early spring and once in the fall with catchable size rainbow trout. Access is on a minimum maintenance road and caution should be used when travelling after recent rain or snowmelt.
The Little White River Recreation Area (LWRRA) offers opportunities to catch channel catfish, yellow perch, black crappie, walleye, largemouth bass, and northern pike.
Fishing is also allowed in Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10, although few game fish are available in these areas. Primary management emphasis is for migratory birds, and most pools are partially or fully drawn down during some portion of the year. The use or possession of baitfish is prohibited on Lake Creek, which includes Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10.
Bowfishing is allowed on all Refuge waters open to fishing, according to bowfishing regulations listed in the South Dakota Fishing Handbook. The harvest of snapping turtles is also allowed in all areas currently opened to fishing and within 300 feet of all Refuge roads and service trails that are open to public travel. The use of seines, nets, and traps are not allowed. There are no Refuge permits required for fishing, bowfishing, and harvest of snapping turtles. A valid South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks fishing license is required, however. Visit the South Dakota Game, Fish, and Parks website for specifics on seasons, bag limits, license requirements, and other related information.