Rules and Regulations

There are a lot of fun, interesting, and educational things you can do on the refuge. Keep in mind, if an activity is not wildlife-related and doesn't help in the protection or understanding of wildlife or their habitat, there are probably refuge rules governing it. Please check with the refuge management before participating in an activity that could harm the environment or yourself. There are plenty of activities at Kofa National Wildlife Refuge for you to enjoy. Be safe and have fun!

  •  Observe wildlife from a safe distance. Young animals should be left alone.
  • Vehicles and bicycles are limited to designated roads which can be identified by numbered markers at junctions. Off-road driving is prohibited.
  • Pets are permitted if they are confined or on a leash. Dogs may only be off-leash when they are participating in quail and cottontail hunting.
  • Help protect resources. All plants, wildlife, and cultural features on the refuge are protected and it is illegal to remove them.
  • Recreational (noncommercial) rock or mineral collecting is restricted to the designated 1.5 square mile Crystal Hill Area. The use of tools, including metal detectors, in collecting rocks and minerals is forbidden.
  • Camping is allowed on the refuge. However, campsites cannot be located within ¼ mile of water sources and vehicles must remain within 100 feet of the road. 
  • Campfires are permitted, but only dead, down and detached wood may be used. Dead wood may only be collected from areas on the refuge that are not designated as wilderness. Wood is very scarce; please consider bringing your own supply of firewood.
  • No person who is intoxicated shall enter or remain upon the refuge.
  • Seasonal hunting opportunities are offered and require licenses (for all types of hunting) and permits (for deer and desert bighorn sheep hunting). Hunters should be familiar with the refuge’s hunting regulations.
  • Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on National Wildlife Refuges must comply with all provisions of state and local law. Persons may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with refuge regulations.
  • Unexploded ordinance may be encountered. Picking up items that appear to be military hardware could be hazardous to your health. Please report these items to the refuge, with GPS coordinates if possible, as soon as you are able by calling 928-783-7861.
  • All vehicles must be registered. On National Wildlife Refuges, all vehicles, including all all-terrain cycles, dirt bikes, motorcycles, sand rails, “gators”, and “E-Z Go” golf carts must be registered, insured, and street legal, {50 CFR 27.31(f)}. All drivers must also have a state issued drivers’ license in good standing. In order for the vehicle to be registered it must have all safety equipment required by the State of Arizona, please go to for street legal operation information. A license plate beginning with “MC” is registered, while an “RV” plate is title only and may not be operated on any of the National Wildlife Refuges. This regulation provides for the safety of all visitors since everyone must share the designated roadways. 
For a complete listing of the refuge rules and regulations and a map of Kofa National Wildlife Refuge, please see our Public Use and Hunting Regulations Brochure.