Reef pool clam garden

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service staffs work with partners and the public to prepare comprehensive conservation plans for every national wildlife refuge.

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Heteractis Malu Anemone

    Each of these 15-year plans identifies specific goals that we develop to achieve the purpose and vision for the refuge and meet the mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System. These goals will guide the management of each refuge for the next 15 years. In addition, each plan has detailed objectives and strategies that the Service will carry out to achieve the goals. 

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    Blue-spotted Grouper

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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