Wildlife & Habitat

Hawaiian coots

Keālia Pond Refuge is a hidden wetland treasure transitioning the urban development and agriculture fields.  Here, endangered Hawaiian waterbirds are protected and go about their daily activities, and are joined by migratory birds in winter.  Quiet solitude for those that wander and explore the wetlands.

  • Birds

    Small stilt D. Clark

    Keālia Pond National Wildlife Refuge is valuable for its endangered ae‘o (Hawaiian stilt) and ‘alae ke‘oke‘o (Hawaiian coot), providing nesting, feeding and resting habitat. More than 1,079 ae‘o and 584 ‘alae ke‘oke‘o have been observed here at one time.

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  • Reptiles


    Endangered Hawaiian hawksbill turtles nest on the adjacent beach from May to September.

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  • Blackburn's Sphinx Moth

    BS moth thumbnail

    Hawai‘i’s largest native insect, with a wing span of up to 5 inches (12 centimeters).

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  • Hawaiian Hoary Bat

    Hawaiian hoary bat

    Population estimates for all islands have ranged from hundreds to a few thousand, however, these estimates are based on limited and incomplete data. The magnitude of any population decline is unknown. Observation and specimen records do suggest, however, that these bats are now absent from historically occupied ranges. ‘Ope‘ape‘a populations are believed to be threatened by habitat loss, pesticides, predation, and roost disturbance. Its decline may be primarily due to the reduction of tree cover in historic times, and they may be indirectly impacted by the use of pesticides. The ‘ope‘ape‘a was listed as an endangered species in 1970.

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