Birds

Lots of Sooty terns

Jarvis supports many species of breeding seabirds, including its sooty tern colony which is one of the largest in the world, with an estimated 1 million terns using the island.

  • Brown Booby

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    Feeds by flying over the ocean looking for schools of fish, and then diving like a dart, with its wings streamlined against its body. 

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  • Masked Booby

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    The masked booby regularly lays two eggs, but never raises two young. The first egg is laid four to nine days before the second, and the older chick always ejects the second from the nest.  

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  • Red-footed Booby

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    Well adapted for diving and feature long bills, lean and aerodynamic bodies, closeable nostrils, and long wings which they wrap around their bodies before entering the water. 

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  • Great Frigatebird

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    Perhaps the most striking feature of frigatebirds is the male's red throat pouch, which the male inflates into a large red balloon during courtship displays.  

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  • Lesser Frigatebird

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    Courtship display also involves a variety of calls, bill rattling and spreading of the wings.  

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  • Blue Noddy

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    Because if its small gape, this noddy is restricted to feeding on tiny fish, squid, sea-skaters and small crustaceans.  

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  • Brown Noddy

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    The largest member of the noddy family; they weigh twice as much as black noddies. Chicks reach adult weight in 18 days. Most chicks outweigh parents in six weeks.  

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  • Christmas Shearwater

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    Christmas shearwaters feed from the surface by seizing prey while sitting on the water or by shallow pursuit plunges; also feeds by dipping or picking prey from the water while on the wing. 

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  • Wedge-tailed Shearwater

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    Uses a variety of foraging techniques, most frequently plunges head into water while on the wing, also seizes prey will sitting on the water; often follows fishing vessels.
     

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  • Gray-backed Tern

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    Nests are constructed in a variety of habitats (e.g., rocky ledges, open, sandy beaches) but usually at the base of shrubs or refuse.  

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  • Sooty Tern

    Sooty terns

    Nest in large, dense colonies consisting of thousands to a million pairs of terns. Nests are shallow scrapes often lined with bits of shell or vegetation.

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  • White Tern

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    Famous for laying its egg on a rock, a rock ledge, or a bare branch rather than in a nest. An egg laid in an exposed and precarious place results in a chick that must cling to the perch.  

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  • Red-tailed Tropicbird

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    Adult males and females are mostly white, except for partial black eye ring and short eye line, black flanks, and black shafts of outer primaries; both sexes have long, narrow, tail feathers with red shafts.

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  • Bristle-thighed Curlew

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    Curlews nest on the ground in a simple, bare depression lined with vegetation.

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  • Pacific Golden Plover

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    Breeds on Arctic tundra, especially in vegetation in low areas with few rocks. A nest cup is a shallow depression filled with lichens and moss.  

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  • Ruddy Turnstone

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    The male makes nest-like scrapes in the ground, lined with some vegetation, often close to the final site selected by the female.  

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