The refuge manages its wetlands, forests, and grasslands with a variety of methods. Intensive (mechanical and chemical) and passive (successional and planting) treatments are used to restore and maintain the integrity of these habitats. Through inventory and monitoring, the refuge is able to be knowledgeable of and responsive to threats from non-native species, climatic changes, and outside pressures. Protection of resources of concern are a priority, given their elevated status. Management for those species include time of year restrictions, limited access, and monitoring.
As a federal land agency, the refuge has the important responsibility of protecting and conserving cultural resources and landscapes. Protective measures include strict regulations prohibiting relic hunting, limited public access, and erosion control. The rich history of the site offers opportunity for authorized professionals to build knowledge and interpret to a larger audience.
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To visit James River National Wildlife Refuge, reservations are required seventy-two (72) hours in advance of the proposed visit. Requests can be made at (804) 829-9020.