Prescribed grassland burn

To keep grassland open, the refuge employs a combination of mowing, spraying, haying and prescribed (controlled) fire. On Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge, prescribed fire is used to remove woody plants and non-native species from grasslands. In addition to returning valuable nutrients to the soil, fire removes dangerous fuels such as dried grass and other plant debris which can lead to wildfires. Refuge fire fighters are trained to carry out prescribed burns in a safe and effective manner and specialized equipment is used to ensure a successful burn.