Comprehensive Conservation Planning

Firescarred area

The purpose of a comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) is to specify a management direction for the refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP.


The Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) manages a satellite refuge, Nansemond NWR. We have combined our Comprehensive Conservation Planning (CCP) for the two refuges.

Latest CCP News

We completed the Final CCP for Great Dismal Swamp and Nansemond NWRs in July 2006. The Draft CCP and Environmental Assessment (EA) was completed in March 2006. This document represents years of work among Federal and State agencies, local and regional officials and communities, conservation organizations, and user groups.

The National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 (PL 105-57) requires CCPs for each national wildlife refuge. CCPs are 15-year plans designed to provide strategic management direction that best achieves the refuge's purposes; attains the vision and goals developed for the refuge; contributes to the National Wildlife Refuge System mission; addresses key challenges, issues, and relevant mandates; and is consistent with sound principles of fish and wildlife management. To learn more about CCPs and the CCP process in general, please visit the Northeast Planning homepage.

How to Access the Documents

To view or download the final CCP, please click here (pdf - 5.4MB) 

To view or download the draft CCP and Environmental Assessment, please click here (pdf - 8.9MB).

Contact Information

If you would like to request a CD-Rom or hard copy of the documents, ask questions about the CCP and planning process, or learn about how you can get involved at the refuge, please visit the refuge Web site or contact refuge staff at:

3100 Desert Road
Suffolk, VA 23434
Phone: (757) 986-3705