Pitcher Plants

The refuge protects and restores the last large expanses of wet pine savanna plant communities -- among the most species-rich and endangered habitat types in North America.

  • Carnivorous Plants

    Carnivorous Plants - Sundews

    In order to combat the acidic, nutrient poor soil of the wet pine savanna the carnivorous plants on the refuge have developed a unique strategy for obtaining their much needed nutrients -- devouring other organisms! The pine savanna habitat found at Grand Bay is a great location to view these fascinating plants.

    Learn More
  • Longleaf Pine

    Longleaf Pine Needles

    Longleaf pine is a fire-adapted plant. In fact, periodic wildfire actually helps the longleaf by killing other plants competing for space. Due to fire suppression and logging operations, the number of longleaf pine has declined dramatically. The longleaf grows to a height of 98 - 115 ft. Young longleaf go through a period of growth known as the 'grass stage' during which they resemble fountains of dark green needles growing from the savanna floor.

  • Orchids

    Grass Pink Orchid

    The orchids found at the refuge are a beautiful and diverse family of flowering plants, often with large and fragrant blooms. The bursts of color from blooming orchids are often seen dotting savannas that have recently been burned as part of the refuge's prescribed fire program. These orchids are dependent on periodic wildfires for their successful growth, which opens up the understory, allowing needed sunlight to reach the savanna floor and eliminating less fire-tolerant competitors.