Wildlife & Habitat

Hawkes Marsh

The Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1992 with the goal of protecting one of the largest expanses of pine savanna remaining in a relatively undisturbed state. This rare and vital habitat provides a home for various plant communities and migratory bird species that can be observed in abundance.

  • Birds

    Scarlet Tanager - small

    The diverse habitats found at the refuge make it the ideal place for birds to stop over on migration or make it a year-round home. Visit our photo gallery to learn more!

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  • Habitats

    Pine Savanna - small

    The refuge protects one of the last expanses of wet pine savanna habitats, an ideal habitat for unique plant communities and for numerous migratory bird species. Learn more about what makes this place such a great home for wildlife. 

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  • Plants

    Crimson Top - Small

    Home to some of the most species-rich plant habitats in North America, the refuge boasts numerous plants from the beautiful to the bizarre.

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