Hardwood Hammocks

Habitat - Hammock Promo

Hardwood hammock forests include over 300 species of both tropical and temperate plants (Long, 1974).  Generally, they are dominated by overstory species of laurel oak (Quercus lauriflora), water oak (Q. nigra), and live oak (Q. virginiana).  Cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto) is also common.  Woody growth within the interior of these hammocks is typically dense with 75-90 percent canopy cover.  The interior floor is sparsely covered with moisture and shade tolerant plants such as marlberry (Ardisia escallonioides) and myrsine (Myrsine guianensis).  Hardwood hammocks also provide the appropriate soil requirements and microclimate for tropical species such as gumbo limbo (Bursera simarouba), and royal palm (Roystonea elata).  Many hammocks have a perimeter composed of a shrub zone where more dense vegetation is dominant making some hammock difficult to gain entry (Duever at al, 1975, 1986).