Wildlife and Habitat

Wildlife and Habitat

Felsenthal supports a diversity of wildlife common to the Coastal Plain and Mississippi Alluvial Valley of Arkansas. Though few species surveys have been conducted, it is very plausible the refuge contains at least 200 species of birds, 40 species of mammals, 70 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 90 fish species.

  • Red-Cockaded Woodpecker

    Red Cockaded Woodpecker

    Felsenthal NWR harbors the only population of red-cockaded woodpeckers on national wildlife refuges in Arkansas. During 2007, Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge was home to 11 active colonies of red-cockaded woodpeckers, and that number has remained relatively constant (11 to 14 colonies) over the last few years. The red-cockaded woodpecker was listed in the Federal Register as endangered in 1970 and received federal protection under the Endangered Species Act of 1973.

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  • Migratory Birds

    Migratory Birds

    Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge lies within the Mississippi Flyway—the "highway in the sky." From nesting grounds to wintering areas through middle North America, this route is used by vast numbers of migrating waterfowl, shorebirds, neotropical songbirds, and birds of prey.

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  • Resident Wildlife

    Resident Wildlife

    Felsenthal's landscape encompasses upland forests joined by extensive forested wetland corridors which provide ideal habitat for many permanent wildlife species. Click the link below to see a list of the variety of creatures you can come across at our refuge!

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  • Habitat

    Habitat 150x118

    Felsenthal is located in an extensive natural depression and low-lying area dissected by an intricate system of rivers, creeks, sloughs, buttonbush swamps, and lakes throughout a vast bottomland hardwood forest that gradually rises to an upland forest community. The region's two major rivers, the Saline and Ouachita, flow through the refuge. Historically, periodic flooding of the "bottoms" (bottomland hardwoods forests) during winter and spring provided an excellent wintering waterfowl habitat. These wetlands, in combination with the pine and upland hardwood forests on the higher ridges, support a wide diversity of native plants and animals.

  • Feral Hog Management on National Wildlife Refuges in Arkansas

    Feral Hogs

    What are feral hogs?
    Feral hogs (Sus scrofa) are domestic hogs that either escaped or have been released. They may be a hybrid of domestic hogs and introduced Russian boars. The rapidly expanding distribution of feral hogs in the United States has caused great concern for many land and resource managers. Feral hogs are an exotic species not native to North America. Feral Hog Management at Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge(PDF).

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