Wildlife & Habitat


Located in central Florida, the Refuge encompasses a range of habitats and wildlife species, some of which are unique to this area.

  • Birds

    Caracara LWR - Promo List

    Several hundred bird species use the Refuge, including protected species such as crested caracara and wood stork.

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  • Fish


    A variety of fish species utilize the Refuge. Most of these are common freshwater species such as gar, bass, and sunfish. Non-native fish include tilapia and walking catfish.

  • Endangered Species


    The Refuge serves as an important site for the recovery of federal and state listed threatened and endangered species. The Refuge’s location and habitat features are important for the future of over 10 Federally listed species, including Eastern Indigo Snake (Drymarchon carais couperi), Sand skink (Neoseps reynoldsi), Florida Ziziphus (Ziziphus celata), Pygmy Fringe-tree (Chionanthus pygmaeus), Sand Pine Whitlow‐wort (Paronychia chartacea), Scrub Beargrass (Nolina brittoniana), and Scrub Blazing Star (Liatris ohlingerae).

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  • Habitats


    The distinct and unique habitats found here contribute to the diversity of  flora and fauna that call the Refuge home.

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  • Mammals

    Florida Black Bear cub - FWC - Promo List

    Although Florida panther and black bear may use Refuge lands as a corridor, most of the mammals supported are common species.  These include deer, rabbits, raccoon, opossum, coyote, gray fox, and various rodents.

  • Reptiles and Amphibians


    A variety of reptile and amphibian species are found on the Refuge.  Some of these are rare, such as the Eastern indigo snake, sand skink, and gopher tortoise.  Common species include anoles, black racer, grass snakes, tree frogs, and toads.