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Refuge management plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years.

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan


    Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge is in charge of protecting manatees in Kings Bay, particularly during the winter manatee season. The refuge mainly protects manatees by managing the winter habitat areas where manatees rest. Some examples are: enforcing existing winter sanctuaries, expanding sanctuary areas when necessary and closing the few manatee aggregation areas that are opened to the general public (Three Sisters Springs, Jurassic Springs and House Springs). The refuge also enforces the Kings Bay Manatee Protection Area year-round and rescues injured and orphaned manatees within all of Kings Bay. 

    The refuge staff expects to have a Draft CCP available for public review and comment in 2016 with a Final CCP available later in 2016. Stay tuned for more details, and sign up for the mailing list to receive updates.

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    Bounding Bison Calf

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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Page Photo Credits — Credit:  USFWS, Manatee Sanctuary by Matt Beck, Yellow Crowned Night Heron by Alary Gilbert
Last Updated: Mar 04, 2015
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