Wildlife & Habitat

Mourning Dove

Conboy Lake NWR is home to a number of species—7 amphibian, 10 reptile, 32 mammal and 165 bird. This does not include a myriad of invertebrates and many plants, fungi, lichens, etc. Beaver swim in the streams. Tundra swans, pintails and mallards feed and rest in the lake. Frogs, salamanders and toads grow in the adjacent calm pools. A rich variety of meadow plants host colorful dragonflies and butterflies. The prairie grasses feed both elk and cranes. Jays, grouse and squirrels find homes in the forest.

  • Birds

    Wood Duck Promo

    Conboy Lake is all about birds—little birds, like yellow-rumped warblers, passing through; big birds, like nesting greater sandhill cranes; colorful tanagers; carefully concealed sparrows; noisy Steller's jays; and marsh wrens, the songstresses of the wetlands.

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  • Mammals

    Little Brown Mytosis

    For all but the most serious birder, mammals are the stars of National Wildlife Refuges. Conboy Lake has more than its share of fuzzy, charismatic wildlife.

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  • Reptiles and Amphibians

    Pacific Tree Frog Promo

    While Conboy Lake is generally too cold to be a hotspot for reptiles and amphibians, there are several interesting species found here.

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  • Fish

    Fish Promo

    While you'd expect a refuge with the name "Conboy Lake" to be focused around a waterbody and therefore have an abundance of fish, in truth the lake only exists in the spring, and there are few fish on the refuge.

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  • Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species

    White-headed Woodpecker Promo

    While every wildlife and plant species is of concern to the FWS, it is those that are endangered or rare that are the focus of much of the Agency's attention. Conboy Lake has several species that merit a special emphasis in management and planning.

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  • Habitat


    For such a small refuge, Conboy Lake provides an amazing diversity of habitats, each important to different species. That must be why there is such a long list of critters that call the refuge home, at least for part of the year.

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