Wildlife & Habitat

Sundial lupine

  • Red-cockaded Woodpecker

    Red-cockaded woodpecker

    The red-cockaded woodpecker's most distinguishing feature is a black cap and nape that encircle large white cheek patches. Rarely visible, except perhaps during the breeding season and when defending its territory, the male has a namesake small red streak — called a cockade — on each side of its black cap.

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  • Eastern Fox Squirrel

    Wildlife Viewing

    In the land pine habitat of the refuge, you may see the Eastern fox squirrel. This amazingly large squirrel can weigh nearly three pounds, and measure about two feet in length. It is sometimes initially mistaken for a fox, thus the name. The Eastern fox squirrel spends most of its time on the ground, foraging for nuts and fruits, which it may eat immediately or store for later use.

  • Beaver


    The beaver is North America's largest rodent. Beavers mate for life, breeding in January and February. They build lodges with sticks and mud, complete with underwater entrances. They then construct dams to maintain the water level at their lodge. The importance of these dams for flood control and soil conditioning has only recently been recognized. Beavers eat only plants, including bark, twigs, and leaves from a variety of trees and shrubs such as poplar, maple, pine, and scrub oaks. 

  • Longleaf Pine/Wiregrass Community

    Longleaf Pine - Wildlife and Habitat

    This habitat community once covered about 90 million acres in the Southeast. Unfortunately, the longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem is in decline, along with the species and wildlife that depend on it for survival.

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