Habitat Type

Early successional wetlands are commonly known as moist soil habitats. The name, moist soil, refers to the way water is used to create the desired plant community. Water level management in the marshes is conducted with the use of earthen levees and other water control structures. Similar to rice farming, moist soil habitats are manually disturbed using equipment such as tractors.

Following this artificial disturbance, native plant seeds already existing within the soil are allowed to germinate and then the soil is flooded to a shallow depth. Once plants reach maturity, fields are once again disturbed to create interspersed open water areas. The goal is to produce a 50:50 ratio of open water to standing vegetation in a design that produces maximum amounts of edge habitat between the two. Once accomplished, these broken vegetation styles are referred to as 'hemi-marsh' habitat. This hemi-marsh areas of mixed open water and emergent vegetation is preferred by many species of wildlife and provide nesting areas and cover.

Facts About Wetlands

  • Supports high number of wildlife
  • Water and vegetation variety allows increased diversity of wildlife