Young Brown Pelicans sitting in shrubbery on Breton Island

The objectives of Breton National Wildlife Refuge are to provide sanctuary for nesting and wintering seabirds, protect and preserve the wilderness character of the islands, and provide sandy beach habitat for a variety of wildlife species while providing compatible public use opportunities. The plan that guides management and conservation on the Refuge is called a “comprehensive conservation plan” (CCP).


  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    black necked stilts feeding in shallow water

    Breton National Wildlife Refuge’s Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) is designed to result in a diversity of habitats for a variety of fish and wildlife species and provide opportunities for sustainable wildlife-dependent recreation activities. The CCP specifies a management direction for the Refuge through 2023. To develop this plan, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) conducted a biological review of the Refuge and solicited public opinion on the issues the plan should address. Six priority wildlife-dependent recreational uses (hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, environmental education and interpretation) received priority consideration during the preparation of the CCP, and the Service invited the public to comment on the type, extent, and compatibility of uses.  

    View Breton National Wildlife Refuge CCP at this link.

  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    Roseate Spoonbill with outstretched bright pink wings.  Its bill is in the water straining for inverterbrates

    The NWRS Improvement Act of 1997 defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.