About the Refuge


The thunder of snow geese taking flight, the salty breeze off the Texas Gulf, the sight of a 12-foot alligator loafing on a muddy bank -- these are a few of the sights and sounds of Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, a premiere destination for wildlife enthusiasts and home to a diversity of plants and wildlife.

Here, freshwater sloughs wind through salt marshes and rare, native bluestem prairie graces the upland areas. For wildlife, the expanse of salt and freshwater marshes, sloughs, ponds, woody thickets and coastal prairies provide a place to rest, nest and feed. For people, these vestiges of wild Texas offer respite from the concrete jungle, a glimpse of the landscape as it looked before human settlement.

Established to provide wintering habitat for migratory waterfowl and other bird species, the refuge serves as an end point for the ducks and geese migrating south along the Central Flyway for the winter. It also serves as an entry point for neotropical migratory songbirds headed north to their breeding grounds, exhausted from their 600-mile crossing of the Gulf of Mexico. More than 300 species of birds call the refuge home for all or part of the year, making it a bird-watcher’s paradise. It is because of its significance to waterfowl and migrating birds that Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge and its companion refuges, San Bernard and Big Boggy, were designated an Internationally Significant Shorebird Site by the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network.

While the refuge is managed for the benefit of wildlife, it is also here for you. The 44,413-acre Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge is a place for people to enjoy nature and get outside. Wildlife watching, hunting, fishing, and environmental education programs are all available to the public.

Established in 1966, the refuge is part of the National Wildlife Refuge System, a national network of lands and waters set aside for the benefit of wildlife and you.