Wildlife & Habitat

Pronghorn Antelope

The pronghorn antelope is not a true antelope... learn more 

  • Upland Habitat & Wildlife

    Pasque Flower

    The goal of the Bowdoin NWR Complex is to protect, enhance, and restore grassland habitat for breeding, and migratory birds and other wildlife while maintaining the biological diversity and integrity of native prairie grasslands.

    Historically, the northern Great Plains was a grassland-dominated system.  This large expanse of treeless prairie has been fragmented by cropland, shelterbelts, human settlement, and the uncontrolled spread of nonnative Russian olive trees.  Native mixed-grass prairie will be protected, restored, and enhanced to provide quality nesting habitat for targeted grassland-dependent birds.

    Photograph  - Pasque Flower.

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  • Wetland Habitat & Wildlife

    Common Goldeneye 150 x 119

    The goal of the Bowdoin NWR Complex is to provide, protect, and manage wetland habitat for breeding and migratory birds and other wildlife that maintains the biological diversity and integrity of prairie pothole wetlands.

    Enhanced or managed wetlands will be managed to mimic natural conditions for target wetland-dependent migratory birds during migrations and breeding seasons.

    Photograph - Common Goldeneye.

  • Threatened and Endangered Species

    PIPL 145 x 118_Habitat&Wildlife

    Piping plovers are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Approximately 3,325 acres of Bowdoin Refuge have been designated as critical habitat for the Great Plains population.  The last known plover nest on the refuge occurred in 1999.  Habitat degradation of beach conditions, lack of water, and encroachment of Russian olive trees were all causes to loss of nesting birds.  The trees have since been removed and the beach was re-sloped with new substrate.  Water is still the limiting factor for creating attractive nesting habitat.  In years when water is available, Piping Plover Pond is filled before May in hopes of attracting plovers once again to nest on the refuge.

  • Conservation Easements

    Aerial In Fall 150 x 119

    The refuge complex's conservation easement program protects existing prairies and wetlands in perpetuity through the acquisition of grassland and wetland conservation easement on private lands as well as through fee-title areas called waterfowl production areas. Since April 14, 1977, the Service and surrounding landowners have protected more than 60,000 grassland and wetland acres.