Wildlife & Habitat

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  • Upland Habitat and Wildlife

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    The goal of the Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is to protect, enhance, and restore grassland habitat for breeding, and migratory birds and other wildlife while maintaining the biological diversity and integrity of native prairie grasslands.

    Historically, the northern Great Plains was a grassland-dominated system. This large expanse of treeless prairie has been fragmented by cropland, shelterbelts, human settlement, and the uncontrolled spread of nonnative Russian olive trees. Native mixed-grass prairie will be protected, restored, and enhanced to provide quality nesting habitat for targeted grassland-dependent birds.

  • Wetland Habitat and Wildlife

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    The goal of the Black Coulee NWR is to provide, protect, and manage wetland habitat for breeding and migratory birds and other wildlife that maintains the biological diversity and integrity of prairie pothole wetlands.

    Enhanced or managed wetlands will be managed to mimic natural conditions for target wetland-dependent migratory birds during migrations and breeding seasons.

  • Conservation Easements

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    The Refuge conservation easement program protects existing prairies and wetlands in perpetuity through the acquisition of grassland and wetland conservation easement on private lands as well as through fee-title areas called waterfowl production areas. Since April 14, 1977, the US Fish and Wildlife Service and surrounding landowners have protected more than 60,000 grassland and wetland acres.