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Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) was established for “water conservation, drought relief, and for migratory bird and wildlife conservation purposes, […] wildlife conservation demonstration unit and closed refuge and reservation for migratory birds and other wildlife.” (Three refuge and flowage easement agreements, 1937–38), and as "a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife.” (Executive Order 7801, January 28, 1938)

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

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    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (Plan). The purpose of a Plan is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the Plan. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the Plan as well.  Black Coulee NWRs Plan is included in the Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge Complex's Plan (21MB PDF).

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

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    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 (Act): The Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a Plan. The Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of National Wildlife Refuge System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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