Resource Management

Bottomland Forest in the Missouri Floodplain

To help plants and wildlife, refuge staff uses a variety of habitat management techniques to maintain, recover or enhance plant and wildlife values. Refuge staff carefully considers any management techniques and employ them in varying degrees according to the situation. 

  • River Restoration Projects

    Chute of Missouri River

    The refuge works with the US Army Corps of Engineers on the development of side channels and other shallow water habitat on the refuge to support native fish and wildlife. The refuge works with engineers to design methods to construct these habitats or alter the rivers navigational structures so that it will create this habitat on the refuge.

  • Invasive Plant Removal


    Refuge staff work on removing non-native invasive plant species. Beneficial native plants are planted to shade out or out-compete non-native plant invasions. When necessary, refuge staff apply herbicide to control non-native species using environmentally safe application procedures. 

  • Monitoring Pollinators

    Bee on Coneflower

    Refuge biologists monitor pollinators on the refuge. Little is known about these beneficial insects and their critical role in the floodplain environment of the refuge. Biologists capture and identify them and monitor the type of habitat and plants they are utilizing. These little creatures may provide some of the first clues in climate change alterations to the environment.

  • Trapping Occurs on this Refuge

    Trapping Sign

    Trapping is a wildlife management tool used on some national wildlife refuges. Trapping may be used to protect endangered and threatened species or migratory birds or to control certain wildlife populations. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service also views trapping as a legitimate recreational and economic activity when there are harvestable surpluses of fur-bearing mammals. On this refuge trapping occurs only as a wildlife management tool and is prohibited by the public. Outside of Alaska, refuges that permit trapping as a recreational use may require trappers to obtain a refuge special use permit. Signs are posted on refuges where trapping occurs. Contact the refuge manager for specific regulations. Click here for more information.