Diverse Habitats

of Bayou Sauvage NWR
Aerial view of marsh

The marshes located inside the hurricane protection levees are dominated by wiregrass, fall panicum, switchgrass, sprangletop, and coastal waterhyssop. The freshwater bodies are characterized by coontail, water-celery, and southern niad. These habitats are important to waterbirds, such as waterfowl, wading birds, shorebirds, and secretive marsh birds.

The natural ridges and lower lying portions of the levee backslopes support coastal hardwood communities that provide critical stopover habitat for trans-Gulf migratory songbirds.

The freshwater lagoons, bayous and ponds serve as production areas for largemouth bass, crappie, bluegill and catfish. The marshes along Lakes Pontchartrain and Borgne are dominated by wiregrass and serve as waterbird habitat and as nurseries for various fish, crabs, and shrimp.

Common mammals are white-tailed deer, squirrels, otter, raccoon, feral hog, nutria, and mink. Alligators and turtles are also common on the refuge.  

Facts About Diverse Habitats

Located entirely within the city limits of New Orleans, Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge is one of the largest urban refuges in the Refuge System.