Wildlife & Habitat

Snowgeese Severson 512X219

The refuge was established in 1935 as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 7168 on September 4, 1935, “establishing Arrow-wood Migratory Waterfowl Refuge.”

The purposes for the refuge, summarized here, are set out in the authorities for acquisition. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge was established for the following:

* use by migratory birds, with emphasis on waterfowl and other waterbirds

* the conservation of fish and wildlife resources

* use as an inviolate sanctuary, or for any other management purpose, for migratory birds. (Migratory Bird Conservation Act of 1929) 

* a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife (Executive Order 7168)

  • Waterfowl

    BWT Male Galt 150X118

    Thirteen species of ducks and geese use the refuge for breeding.  Blue-winged teal, mallards, gadwall, shoveler and Canada geese are some of the most prevalent. 

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  • Shorebirds

    Wilsons Phalarope Galt 150X118

    Shorebirds are also attracted to the refuge for migration, feeding and nesting every year.  Some nest in the uplands, while others nest on sandy or rocky beaches or mudflats.  But hundreds of thousands use the shallow marshes during both spring and fall migrations to feed and gather energy for their lengthy migrations.

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  • Deer

    2 WT Deer Severson 150X118

    White-tailed deer are usually seen on the refuge and the combination of grasslands, shrubs and marshes provide plenty of habitat for deer to thrive and raise their young. 

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