On the refuge we protect vast tracts of wild lands and wildlife habitat for the benefit of the American people.  To do this, we have a variety of planning and policy tools. Explore more below. 

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Marine Researchers

    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) is to specify a management direction for the refuge for the next 15 years.  The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving refuge conditions – including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP.  The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment are described in the CCP as well.

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act


    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS) Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requires that each refuge be managed according to a CCP.  The NWRS Improvement Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands, and that the Secretary shall ensure the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained.  Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission.  The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and, if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.  

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