About the Complex

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  • What's A Complex?

    A National Wildlife Refuge Complex is an administrative grouping of two or more refuges, wildlife management areas or other refuge conservation areas that are primarily managed from a central office location. Refuges are grouped into a complex structure because they occur in a similar ecological region, such as a watershed or specific habitat type, and have a related purpose and management needs.

  • Willapa National Wildlife Refuge

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    Willapa National Wildlife Refuge is over 15,000 acres of tidelands, temperate rainforest, ocean beaches, and small streams. It also includes several rare remnants of old growth coastal cedar forest. Preserving habitat for spawning wild salmon, hundreds of thousands of migrating shorebirds, and threatened species such as the western snowy plover and marbled murrelet, the refuge is a great place to see what the Pacific Northwest looked like over 100 years ago.

  • Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tailed Deer

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    Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for Columbian White-tailed Deer was established in the 1970s to preserve habitat for the endangered Columbian white-tailed deer (CWTD). The CWTD is the only white-tailed deer found west of the Cascade Mountains, and was believed to be extinct since the 1930s. When a small remnant population was discovered in the early 1960s, the refuge was quickly established to preserve the species and help it to recovery.

  • Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge

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    Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge encompasses approximately 20 islands and stretches over 27 miles of the Columbia River, from the mouth of the river upstream to Skamakowa, WA. Although rarely visited by humans, this refuge is a haven for migratory waterfowl, songbirds, raptors, amphibians and fish.