Wildlife & Habitat

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“There are no other Everglades in the world. They are, they have always been, one of the unique regions of the earth; remote, never wholly known. Nothing anywhere else is like them.” - Marjory Stoneman Douglas

  • Habitats

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    The Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge is 143,954 acres of northern Everglades wetlands located in Palm Beach County. The native vegetative communities of the Everglades ecosystem found on the Refuge include a mosaic of wet prairies, sawgrass ridges, sloughs, tree islands, cattail communities, and a 400 acre cypress swamp, which is the largest intact cypress area remaining in the eastern Everglades system. These communities were historically rainfall driven and had low nutrient levels.

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  • Birds

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    There are over 250 species of birds that call the refuge “home” throughout the year. Many species live throughout the refuge all year round, while others are considered migratory birds. What species will you see when you come to visit?

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  • Mammals

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    Mammals are endothermic meaning they are warm-blooded animals. The majority of mammals have an insulating layer of fur that allows them to maintain a near-constant body temperature. Just about all mammals have live birth rather than hatching from eggs.

    A total of 20 different species of mammals have been documented on the the refuge including the opossum, raccoon, marsh rabbit, armadillo, river otter, white-tailed deer, eastern gray squirrel, and bobcat.

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  • Amphibians

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    Amphibians include frogs, toads, and salamander species. Amphibians live part of their lives in water and part on land. They are unique because they can breathe through their skin which makes them great environmental indicators of our ecosystem health. Amphibians go through metamorphosis, and most young amphibians hatch from eggs. As they develop, their body shape changes from larvae, to tadpole, to adult.

    A total of 15 species of amphibians have been documented on the refuge. Common species include the Florida cricket frog, pig frog, southern leopard frog, and the invasive Cuban tree frog. Listen closely for different frog and toad calls when exploring the refuge.

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  • Reptiles

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    Reptiles found in the Refuge include turtles and tortoises, lizards and snakes, and alligators. They are great at camouflaging themselves within their habitat, so keep a sharp eye out for them. 

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  • Endangered and Threatened Species

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    National wildlife refuges play a vital role in preserving threatened and endangered species.

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  • Non-native and Invasive Species

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    A non-native invasive species can be any kind of living organism (plants, animals, or others) and are most likely to cause harm to the native species, along with the environment, economy, and potentially to human health.

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