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Wildlife & Habitat


“There are no other Everglades in the world. They are, they have always been, one of the unique regions of the earth; remote, never wholly known. Nothing anywhere else is like them.” - Marjory Stoneman Douglas

  • Habitats

    habitats2 - Promo List

    The Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge is 143,954 acres of northern Everglades wetlands located in Palm Beach County. The native vegetative communities of the Everglades ecosystem found on the Refuge include a mosaic of wet prairies, sawgrass ridges, sloughs, tree islands, cattail communities, and a 400 acre cypress swamp, which is the largest intact cypress area remaining in the eastern Everglades system. These communities were historically rainfall driven and had low nutrient levels.

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  • Birds


    There are over 250 species of birds that call the refuge “home” throughout the year. Many species live throughout the refuge all year round, while others are considered migratory birds. What species will you see when you come to visit?

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  • Mammals


    Mammals are “endothermic” or “warm-blooded” animals. The majority of mammals have an insulating layer of fur that allows them to maintain a near-constant body temperature. Just about all mammals have live birth rather than hatching from eggs. 

    Some mammals found within the refuge include raccoons, river otters, deer, and bobcats. They are not always easily seen, so keep an eye out. You never know what you will see.

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  • Amphibians


    Amphibians live part of their lives in water and part on land. They are unique because they can breathe through their skin which makes them great environmental indicators of our ecosystem health. Amphibians go through metamorphosis, and most young amphibians hatch from eggs. As they develop, their body shape changes from larvae, to tadpole, to adult. 

    Amphibians found in the refuge include various species of frogs, toads, and salamanders. Listen closely for their different calls when exploring the refuge.

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  • Reptiles


    Reptiles found in the Refuge include turtles and tortoises, lizards and snakes, and alligators. They are great at camouflaging themselves within their habitat, so keep a sharp eye out for them. 

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  • Endangered and Threatened Species


    National wildlife refuges play a vital role in preserving threatened and endangered species.

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  • Non-native and Invasive Species

    cane_toad - Promo List

    A non-native invasive species can be any kind of living organism (plants, animals, or others) and are most likely to cause harm to the native species, along with the environment, economy, and potentially to human health.

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Page Photo Credits — Snail kite - Lance Warley, Snail kite - Charles Slavens, White-tailed deer - Mike Baranski, Submerged alligator - Mike Baranski, Florida sandhill crane - Sarah Martinez
Last Updated: Jun 23, 2015
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