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Red Bluff Fish & Wildlife Office
Pacific Southwest Region

AFRP - Restoring fish habitat in California's Central Valley

Fish populations in California’s Central Valley have declined for many reasons.  One set of problems is related to habitat degradation related to the water re-distribution project known as the Central Valley Project. The Central Valley Project was constructed in the 1930’s and 1940’s and plays a key role in California's powerful economy, providing water for 6 of the top 10 agricultural counties in the nation's leading farm state.

In 1992, legislation was signed (Public Law 102-575) which included the Central Valley Project Improvement Act or CVPIA. The CVPIA directed the Secretary of the Interior to amend previous authorizations of California's Central Valley Project to include fish and wildlife as priorities, as well as irrigation and domestic use of water.

The legislation also established a fish restoration program to increase naturally produced populations of anadromous fish in California's Central Valley streams on a long-term, sustainable basis.  This program is known as the Anadromous Fish Restoration Program (AFRP). Since 1995, staff working under the guidance of the AFRP have implemented over 195 projects to restore natural production of anadromous fish.

In California, the best-known anadromous fish are salmon and steelhead which hatch in small freshwater streams, migrate to the ocean to live for a few years, then return to the same streams where they were hatched, spawn, and die shortly thereafter. Sturgeon are also anadromous. Salmon, steelhead and sturgeon are capable of migrating hundreds of miles upriver.

The AFRP works with partners and willing landowners to fund projects which will help to protect and restore natural channel and riparian habitat values through habitat restoration actions. For example, high priority projects would be those that promote natural channel and riparian habitat values and natural processes, such as those affecting stream flow, water temperature, water quality, and riparian areas.

AFRP Documents

Below you will find relevant documents for projects coordinated by Red Bluff AFRP. If you need these documents in another format, please don't hesitate to contact us.

Current Projects

Deer Creek

2014 Fish Passage Assessment by CDFW

2016 Section 106 Historical Resource Investigation by TES/SubTerra

2016 USFWS Internal ESA consultation fisher

2016 Biological Opinion from NOAA (Programmatic for Deer & Mill Creek)

2016 Biological Resources Evaluation by TES

2016 Letter to CV Flood Protection Board

2016 State Board Certification for Small Habitat Restoration Project under CWA

2016 Habitat Restoration Enhancement (HRE) Approval from CDFW

2016 Notice of Exemption (NOE) from CEQA

2016 Finding of No Significant Impact by USFWS

Antelope Creek

a) Fish Passage in Lower Antelope Creek-January 2015

Recent Projects

Cottonwood Creek Watershed

1. EA IS Hammer Final version[6.20.14]

2.Archaeological Inventory-Hammer Project

3.Biological Resources Evaluation-Hammer Project

4.Wetland Delineation-Hammer Project

Signed FONSI for Hammer Project July 2 2014

20140626 South Fork Cottonwood Creek Cover letter

20140626 South Fork Cottonwood Creek final BO

ACOE Hammer Project Jurisdictional Determination and Nationwide Permit Verification July 14 2014

Hammer Project Notice of Determination for Negative Declaration CEQA

1855-1999 Cottonwood Creek Sediment Budget Final Report (Tehama County CA -- includes streamflow, flood history, sediment loads, etc.) 80 pp, Graham Matthews & Assoc. 2015

Appendix 1 Cottonwood Creek Sediment Budget: 2010-2014. 153 pp. Graham Matthews & Assoc 2015

Mill Creek

a) Mill Creek: Ward Dam: USFWS is designated federal lead by Army Corps of Engineers Feb 6, 2015

b) Mill Creek: Ward Dam: Biological Assessment February 2015

c) Mill Creek: Botanical Report

d) Mill Creek: Fish Passage Biological Evaluation

e) Mill Creek: Fish Passage Wetland Delineation

f) Cow Creek and Mill Creek Riparian Mapping and Conditions Assessment - April 2015

g) Mill Creek Fish Passage Restoration Project Final EA-IS FONSI MND June 2015

Last updated: March 1, 2017