Endangered Species, Threatened Species,Federal Species of Concern, and Candidate Species,

Union County, North Carolina

Updated: 03-25-2015

Critical Habitat Designations:

Carolina heelsplitter - Lasmigona decorata - The main stem of Goose Creek (Pee Dee River system), from the N.C. Highway 218 Bridge, downstream to its confluence with the Rocky River, and the main stem of Duck Creek, from the Mecklenburg/Union County line, downstream to its confluence with Goose Creek; the main stem of Waxhaw Creek (Catawba River system), from the N.C.Highway 200 Bridge, downstream to the North Carolina/South Carolina State line; and the main stem of Flat Creek (Pee Dee River system), Lancaster County, South Carolina, from the S.C. Route 204 Bridge, downstream to its confluence with the Lynches River, and the main stem of the Lynches River, Lancaster and Chesterfield Counties, South Carolina, from the confluence of Belk Branch, Lancaster County, northeast (upstream) of the U.S.Highway 601 Bridge, downstream to the S.C. Highway 903 Bridge in Kershaw County, South Carolina. Within these areas, the primary constituent elements include: (i)Permanent, flowing, cool, clean water; (ii)Geomorphically stable stream and river channels and banks; (iii)Pool, riffle, and run sequences within the channel; (iv)Stable substrates with no more than low amounts of fine sediment; (v)Moderate stream gradient; (vi)Periodic natural flooding; and (vii)Fish hosts, with adequate living, foraging, and spawning areas for them.
Federal Register Reference: July 2, 2002, Federal Register, 67:44501-44522.

Common Name Scientific name Federal Status Record Status
American eel Anguilla rostrata FSCCurrent
Carolina darter Etheostoma collis collis FSCCurrent
Atlantic pigtoe Fusconaia masoni FSCCurrent
Carolina creekshell Villosa vaughaniana FSCCurrent
Carolina heelsplitter Lasmigona decorata ECurrent
Savannah lilliput Toxolasma pullus FSCCurrent
Yellow lampmussel Lampsilis cariosa FSCProbable/potential
Vascular Plant:
Dwarf aster Eurybia mirabilis FSCCurrent
Georgia aster Symphyotrichum georgianum CCurrent
Michaux's sumac Rhus michauxii ECurrent
Prairie birdsfoot-trefoil Lotus unifoliolatus var. helleri FSCCurrent
Schweinitz's sunflower Helianthus schweinitzii ECurrent
Shoals spiderlily Hymenocallis coronaria FSCProbable/potential
Virginia quillwort Isoetes virginica FSCHistoric
Nonvascular Plant:

Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC=Federal Species of Concern. FSC is an informal term. It is not defined in the federal Endangered Species Act. In North Carolina, the Asheville and Raleigh Field Offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) define Federal Species of Concern as those species that appear to be in decline or otherwise in need of conservation and are under consideration for listing or for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time.Subsumed under the term "FSC" are all species petitioned by outside parties and other selected focal species identified in Service strategic plans, State Wildlife Action Plans, or Natural Heritage Program Lists.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):

In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm

Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):

In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.

Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.